4 reasons why gold has entered a new bull market Schroders
Market complacency is key to gold bull market say Schroders
Investors are currently pricing inthe most benign risk environment in history as seen in the VIX
History showsgold has the potential to perform very well in periods of stock market weakness (see chart)
You should buy insurancewhen insurers don’t believethat the risk event will happen
Very high Chinese gold demand, negative global interest rates and a weak dollar should push gold higher
This week gold broke through the key resistance of $1,300. For some time market commentators have been signalling this level as the point of entry for a new bull market.
Often price can be distracting when it comes to trying to figure out what is going on. Two Schroders fund managers called the new bull market in gold about a week before the price broke through the key level.
Gold has entered into a new bull market. As we have discussed previously, there are four main reasons for our stance:
- Global interest rates need to stay negative
- Broad equity valuations are extremely high and complacency stalks financial markets
- The dollar might be entering a bear market
- Chinese demand for gold has the potential to surge (indeed, investment demand in China for bar and coin already increased over 30% in the first quarter of 2017, according to the World Gold Council)
Whilst they offered up four key reasons for the strength in gold, they highlighted the issue of broad equity valuations and market complacency as the most ‘pertinent’ of the four drivers.
Given the current state of play in the world, James Luke and Mark Lacey ‘strongly believe gold could turn out to be an underowned and well-priced insurance policy.’
Extremely high broad equity valuations look precarious
Starting with the S&P500, Luke and Lacey believe that it is currently very expensive based on a variety of measures.
The S&P500 made an all-time high of 2478 in July and is now up just under 11.5% year-to-date (source Bloomberg, 17 August 2017).
The valuation of this index is expensive on a variety of measures. Whether we look at simple price/book, trailing price/earnings or enterprise value/cashflow (each of which are different ways to value a company), the index is trading on valuation multiples which are 60% to 100% higher than the historical median over the last 90 years.
Whichever your preferred metric, historical regression analysis suggests expected returns for equities, from today’s starting point, are very low.
Why is the S&P500 so overvalued? This is something we have covered previously. There is an almost infallible belief that future earnings growth will be supported byTrump’s drive to cut corporate tax and the the fact thatcompanies’ cost of capital is at an all-time low.
US companies may well receive a welcome reduction in the corporate tax rate, but the low cost of capital argument is flawed. Increasing interest rates are not supportive for equity valuations that are already high (versus history) as companies’ cost of capital increases. As unemployment continues to fall, inflation will start to pick up at the margin, regardless of the lag. Like it or not, we are firmly in a cycle of increasing nominal (not real) interest rates.
Gold and weak equity environments have history
As much as gold’s safe haven status is disputed in the mainstream, history cannot be ignored. This is something we admittedly bang-on about on a regular basis. It is something which is so simple and yet is refuted with the most complicated arguments.
Luckily Luke and Lacey agree on gold’s historical performance as evidence for it’s safe haven status.
If we look back at gold price performance between 1961 and July 2017 (see chart above), it is very clear that gold price annual returns were positive, particularly during periods of high inflation, while stock market returns were negative.
We don’t see any argument as to why gold’s previous performance against a weak stock market will not repeat itself once markets wake-up to the real story.
What is the real story? As Luke and Lacey point out, stock market performance is not reason alone to argue that a gold bull market is in play. It is overall market complacency.
Market complacency: the market stalker
Market complacency is becoming a bit of a theme amongst financial commentators and analysts of late. Many seem perplexed as to why the market seems to be so enthusiastic and relaxed given the state of the world (Trump leadership, Venezuela, North Korea, global debt levelsto name a few).
when overall market complacency is high, the risk reward looks compelling
It is a known fact that the best time to buy insurance is at a time when the insurers don’t think it is very likely that the risk event will happen. For example, in the UK, household insurance premiums to cover flood risk increased by as much as 550% post the flooding in 2007 and again in 2014.
One of the most common measures for market complacency (or dissatisfaction) is the VIX Index. The index is a popular measure of theimplied volatility of the S&P500 index options over the next 30 days.
As we explained earlier in the week:The VIX index is often referred to as the ‘Fear Index’. Many believe this is a misnomer and does not portray what is really going on. The indexhas been trading at historically low levels. Apparently investors continue to bet that the index will remain low ifmoney keeps pouring into markets and the global economy carries on improving.
Schroders fund managers find the current state of the VIX perplexing.
At the moment the VIX is trading at a 27-year low. Investors are currently pricing in not just a stable pricing environment for the S&P500 for the next few months, but basically the most benign risk environment in the history of the index.
To us, this is odd from many angles. Not least because current extreme equity valuations are set against the startling fact that global central banks are moving towards an attempt to reverse the most extreme set of policies in the history of monetary policy. More visceral external factors are also lurking in the background.
Not just about equities and complacency
As with the financial crisis, the thing that causes the most damage is that which we turn a blind eye to. This is exactly what is happening right now by those pumping money into both the economy and financial markets.
However, the case for gold is not strong just because we think no one else is able to smell the (very strong) coffee.
Schroders also make an argument that Chinese demand, negative global interest rates and a potentially weak dollar will be major drivers of gold.